14th Century Astronomy

In Asia, Tamerlane or Timur, established the Timurid Empire, a major Islamic territory in the Middle East and Central Asia and history’s third largest empire to have been ever established by a single conqueror, similar to his ancestor Genghis Khan’s Mongol Empire. Scholars estimate that Timur’s military campaigns caused the deaths of 17 million people, amounting to about 5% of the world population at the time.
In India, the Islamic Bengal Sultanate was founded, a major trading nation in the world, described by the Europeans as the richest country to trade with, after its independence from the Delhi Sultanate. The Mongol court was driven out of China and retreated to Mongolia, the Ilkhanate collapsed, the Chaghatayid dissolved and broke into two parts, and the Golden Horde lost its position as a great power in Eastern Europe.